Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting interviewing and information being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, once the researcher himself is an eyewitness of this event,
- working together with documents, where in fact the document means any product provider containing texts and pictures.
Forms of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a method of data gathering in turn are split into:
- genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the characteristics of someone, then to mirror them when you look at the text).
The reportage meeting ended up being talked about when you look at the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative shall learn within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is meeting being a genre, being a real way of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer as well as the responses regarding the interlocutor. In the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the quantity of questions regarding the researcher is minimized (often they are not any at all), in the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not merely asks concerns, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.
The fact the interview is a discussion, shows in regards to the exact same amount of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% affordable papers biz of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion with this journalist was also interesting to readers, whilst the viewpoint associated with the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks the maximum amount of or even more in a job interview being an interlocutor, this is certainly an indication of insufficient qualification.
Forms of interviews with regards to the subject. Subject interview
With regards to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:
Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in every industry of task. Often this is an meeting with a specialist, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he could be related to this state of affairs. As an example, a police officer informs how to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor describes how exactly to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast how long the crisis will soon be in the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of interest.
The structure of this topic interview consists of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there is a parsing associated with topic for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical tips to readers.
The hero for the interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is information meeting, among the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is always to learn whenever possible the facts and information on what took place. Like in the way it is of a professional, the interlocutor’s interaction using the subject is first shown, then your topic is deepened, while the ending is specialized in basic impressions of what took place as well as the conclusions that the interlocutor made.